A journey of a thousand miles must begin with a single step. ~ Lao Tzu
PERM Labor Certification: this step requires the employer to engage in a national recruitment campaign, obtain a prevailing wage determination for the position and then file the Labor Certification Application with the U. S. Department of Labor. The DOL typically adjudicates cases within six to ten months.
Phase II of the process begins once the DOL has approved the PERM Labor Certification. This step involves filing the I-140 which is the Immigrant Petition for Alien Worker with USCIS. The current processing time is between four to six months. An approved I-140 petition does not instantly result in a green card. Workers born in China, India, Mexico and the Philippines are assigned a priority date, which is a reserved spot in a queue for the LPR. The length of these queues will vary depending on the employee’s country of origin and the LPR category.
When the I-140 is approved, the final step involves filing Form I-485, which is an Application for Adjustment of Status. The ability to file this final step is predicated on the priority date being current for the relevant immigrant visa category. It typically takes from four to five years to get to this step.