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Gerald Bales, PhD

Associate Professor of Anatomy

College of Osteopathic Medicine of the Pacific

E-Mail: gbales@westernu.edu

Phone: 909-469-5249 | Join year: July, 1996


Ph.D., Anatomy & Cell Biology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA
Dissertation: A Multivariate Morphometric Study of Living and Fossil Rhinoceros Skulls.

M.A., Biological Sciences, California State University, Chico, CA
Master's Thesis: The Effects of Maternal Dietary Magnesium During Lactation On Adrenal and Thyroid Histology of Developing Rat Pups.

B.A., Biological Sciences, California State University, Chico, CA



Gross Anatomy; Histology; Neuroanatomy


2004. Bales, G.S., Great cardiac vein variations. Clinical Anatomy 17 (5): 436-443.

1996 - Bales, G.S., Skull evolution in the Rhinocerotidae (Mammalia;Perissodactyla): Cartesian transformations and functional interpretations. Journal of Mammalian Evolution 3 (3): 261-279.

1996 - Bales, G.S., Heterochrony in brontothere horn evolution: allometric interpretations and the effect of life history scaling. Paleobiology 22 (4): 481-495.

1983 - Buck, D.R. and Bales, J., Maternal dietary magnesium effects on lactation success and on milk yield and composition. Journal of Nutrition 113: 2421-2431